What are the Benefits of Water Conservation?

Water conservation is the conscious effort to save water by limiting water waste. Water is a precious resource, and contrary to the myth of the water cycle renewing water as fast we consume it, we are running out of drinkable, usable water. 

According to the US Bureau of Reclamation, only 0.5% of the world’s water is fit for human consumption. This means as populations get bigger, we are bound to face a water crisis if we do not curb our water use.

Water is a staple of life for all living beings. So it is easy to think of water consumption as the eight glasses of water you drink every day, or the water you use when washing your hands, brushing your teeth, or cooking. 

Water use is far more complicated than that, you flush gallons of water down the toilet each time you flush. Gallons of water are wasted when you forget to fix a leaky faucet, or when you leave your lights on when you leave the room.

Water is needed in industry and households extensively, and the first step in conserving water is to realize how ubiquitous the use of water is in our everyday lives.


Most of the water available is directed toward the agricultural industry, and the rest are used in industry and households. Water use needs to be cut in all three sectors to make lasting changes. 

This article will focus on five ways water conservation is beneficial for the environment, for our future and our economies. 

What are the Benefits of Water Conservation?

The benefits of water conservation are:

  • Saving water saves energy
  • Saving water reduces the possibility of droughts and increases drought preparedness
  • Water conservation helps replenish wetlands during periods of drought
  • Saving water saves us money

Saving water saves energy: 

Most people cannot make this connection, but saving water saves energy. In water treatment facilities energy is required to pump, heat, and treat water to make it suitable for consumption.

Using less water ensures that we save the energy that would have been spent otherwise treating and pumping that excess water. According to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the energy needed to provide water to 10 American households for a year could power a refrigerator for more than two years.

Also,  heating water for showering, cleaning, bathing, cooking, shaving, etc. uses up a lot of energy. This is why saving up on water use proportionally saves energy in each household. This in turn helps the environment since most of our energy is sourced from fossil fuels and is a major cause of carbon emissions and pollution.

The more energy we use the more carbon is released into the atmosphere. By conserving water we reduce our carbon emissions. This is a key benefit of saving water.

Saving water reduces the possibility of droughts and increases drought preparedness:

We all learned in our fifth-grade science class that the water cycle replenishes the water in the land. In reality, this is far more complex.Even though the net water of our planet stays the same, which parts of the Earth get regular rain and which parts do not, is not something we can control.

With climate change, droughts are becoming more and more common and severe. Water conservation has a major part to play in reducing the number of droughts as well as drought preparedness.

A major source of household water waste is a leak in the pipes or a faucet. According to the EPA, household leaks account for 10,000 gallons of water waste per household annually, with up to 90 gallons of waste per day. Fixing these leaks will save a significant amount of water.

In areas prone to drought, water conservation techniques will ensure the available supply stretches as far as possible before the water has to be bought from suppliers. It will also prepare the locals to know how to conserve water during an active drought.

Water conservation helps replenish wetlands during periods of drought:

Drought is a prolonged period when a particular area gets less than normal rainfall or precipitation. Some areas of the world are more prone to drought than others.

During these times of drought, humans are not the only ones who suffer from water shortage, the natural ecosystems also suffer.

It is important to note that when we use excess water from nature, it leaves less water for the natural wetlands and ecosystems. Conserving water is extremely important for this reason. We need to ensure we do not waste any more water than we have to.

Saving water saves us money:

Reducing water use reduces the cost of the water bill we pay every month. Moreover, using less water indirectly saves energy, studies show electric heaters use up 1/4th of the energy in a household. Saving water and water heating can save us some cash.

There are many ways to cut water use around the house. Approximately 3% of the water is used in households. Efficient and mindful usage will ensure this water lasts longer and thus will put less strain on the water treatment facilities.

As mentioned before, leaks are the primary cause of water waste in households. Besides leaks, there are other ways water is wasted. One is by using out-of-date toilets, faucets, and showerheads. These items use more water than newer models.

New showerheads and faucets aerate the water to reduce water waste. Newer toilet tanks can flush with significantly less water.

Another way to reduce water waste is by switching the old washing machine, and dishwasher for water-saving machines. Sparing water in households leaves more water for the wetlands, this helps the ecosystems in those areas to thrive. 

We are slowly running out of water:

It may be hard to believe but freshwater is a finite resource and with an ever-increasing population, water use is disproportionately increasing. If we do not employ water conservation tactics now, at the current rate, we will surely face a severe water crisis in the future.

Most of the water is used in agriculture, approximately 92%. This is an incredible amount of water. With the population on the rise, we are going to face greater food demand that’ll surely lead to a need for more farming and agriculture.
At the current rate, it is not sustainable 

Conclusion: 

Water is needed in industry and households extensively, and the first step in conserving water is to realize how ubiquitous the use of water is in our everyday lives.

Most of the water available is used in the agricultural industry, and the rest are used in industry and households. Water use needs to be cut in all three sectors to make lasting changes. 

This article will focus on five ways water conservation is beneficial for the environment, for our future and our economies. 

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs): Benefits of Water Conservation

70% of the Earth is water, why do we have to conserve it?

Most of the water is salinated and unusable for us. Only 0.5% of the freshwater is fit for consumption. Due to rapid population growth and urbanization, we are running out of freshwater.

What are the benefits of saving water?

One of the reasons we need to save water is to learn how to use water during droughts, droughts are becoming common and to fight them, we need to make sure we learn how to sparingly use water.
Water conservation also saves energy and money. Wetlands that are affected when we overuse water can thrive if we use water sparingly. Lastly, water conservation techniques help us fend off the pending water crisis.

Why are we running out of water?

The water cycle does not replenish all parts of the Earth equally, droughts are becoming more and more common in some parts of the world. These communities are heavily affected due to a lack of water for agriculture and clean drinking water.
We are using up available water faster than it can be replenished by the water cycle, this is already affecting some parts of the world adversely.

How does saving water save energy?

Energy is needed to pump, treat, and heat the water before being sent off to households. Inside the houses, the water is once again heated before most uses. Using less water indirectly requires less energy, and thus reduces pollution and greenhouse gas emissions.

What areas of modern life use up most water?

Agriculture requires about 92% of our water. This process as things are now is extremely wasteful and terrible for the environment. To build a sustainable future, we need to find a way to reduce water consumption in agriculture. 

How can we save water?

Changing our food habits and choosing crops that require less water to cultivate is a start. We also need to limit our meat consumption since meat requires an excessive amount of water to produce. The same goes for dairy and poultry. Besides changing eating habits, we should also make changes around the house and switch to water-saving appliances, showerheads, and faucets. Making a habit of not letting the water run helps spare gallons of water as well. 

 

References:

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  2. 5 Reasons We Should Care About Saving Water. (2022). Retrieved 18 January 2022, from https://www.thebalancesmb.com/conservation-efforts-why-should-we-save-water-3157877
  3. 5 Benefits of Water Conservation – The Sustainable Travel. (2022). Retrieved 18 January 2022, from https://thesustainabletravel.com/5-benefits-of-water-conservation/
  4. Water Conservation: Why Saving Water is Important – kayplumbing.com. (2022). Retrieved 18 January 2022, from https://kayplumbing.com/water-conservation-why-saving-water-is-important/
  5. Why You Need To Conserve Water And Its Advantages. (2022). Retrieved 18 January 2022, from https://certifiedleakdetection.com/why-you-need-to-conserve-water-and-its-advantages/
  6. What are the Benefits of Water Conservation?. (2022). Retrieved 18 January 2022, from https://www.ecotechwater.com/Health/Water%20Consevation.html
  7. Why Save Water? – H2OUSE. (2022). Retrieved 18 January 2022, from https://www.h2ouse.net/why-save-water/
  8. Why Is Water Conservation Important? Here’s Why – Therma. (2022). Retrieved 18 January 2022, from https://www.therma.com/importance-of-water-conservation/
  9. (2022). Retrieved 18 January 2022, from https://www.ofallon.org/sites/g/files/vyhlif1031/f/file/file/whyconservewaterarticle.pdf
  10. Benefits from Water Conservation. (2022). Retrieved 18 January 2022, from https://extension.psu.edu/benefits-from-water-conservation


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