9 solutions to environmental pollution

In this article, we discuss the solutions to environmental pollution.

What are the solutions to environmental pollution?

The following options are the viable solutions to environmental pollution:

  • Environmental planning should be viewed as a foundation for future growth. As a result, before beginning any project, a study to assess the environmental implications must be carried out.
  • Shifting to environmentally friendly transportation, such as electric and hydrogen cars, and promoting shared mobility (carpooling and public transit), might greatly reduce air pollution.

    The world is continually attempting to minimise hazardous gas emissions from cars that cause air pollution in a number of methods, including auto emission control, electric and hybrid vehicles, and public transportation systems, and we can manage to drastically cut emissions in the future.
  • Moving away from fossil fuels and replacing them with sustainable renewables like solar, geothermal, and wind, as well as providing clean energy, are the most basic remedies for air pollution.
  • Solar electricity is a terrific solution now that solar radiation is at a climatic peak. With solar panel systems, we can harness the sun’s energy and use it to power everything from residential systems to large-scale systems that can power entire villages and cities.
  • Wind energy is also being used. Solar power and wind turbine electricity are both formidable opponents of nuclear and fossil fuel power.
  • Industry is critical to the advancement of society. At the same time, it depletes natural raw materials and causes pollution. This has thrown the surroundings into disarray.
  • To some extent, green construction may aid in the resolution of environmental issues.

    The goal of green construction is to develop ecologically responsible and resource-efficient structures that decrease their carbon footprint from planning through destruction.
  • Solid waste storage facilities should be established in the city. It is required to take the appropriate steps to integrate the solid waste storage facility, which is located close to both the city and environment.
  • To prevent water pollution, the wastewater recycling project should be implemented, and a recycling centre should be created.
  • Environmentally friendly items should be made more affordable in order to encourage people to use them, and people should be aware of the long-term benefits of doing so across the country.
  • Protecting the quality of soil, air, and water should be a primary priority of national environmental policy. To limit the exploitation of fertile agricultural land and uncontrolled and chaotic urbanisation, national land use and conservation laws must be implemented.
  • Enough green areas and parks should be developed to reduce visual pollution, the municipality should collect rubbish in an organised manner, and the usage of business boards and other billboards should be regulated and managed.
  • Open markets, bazaars, leisure and amusement facilities, schools, and parks within the city should be surrounded by trees and other plants to reduce noise pollution. Plants and industrial zones should be surrounded by green spaces.
  • We must also endeavour to reduce electromagnetic radiation (ER).

    Recognizing the obvious potential for massive ER emissions directly in users’ brains and eyes, major computer and electronic device makers have begun to adopt hardware procedures to mitigate dangers and dramatically reduce ER generation.

    They are attempting to eliminate this problem with the newer gadgets, and happily, this is working.
  • Radiation is a severe problem, and the environmental impact of radioactive power plants is now more apparent than ever.

    Nuclear testing and power plant leaks have tainted ocean life to the point that it will take hundreds of years for things to return to normal.

    However, with the growth of many environmentally friendly power sources, new radiation remedies are in the works.

What is Environmental Pollution?

Environmental pollution has existed for millennia, but it was only during the industrial revolution in the 19th century that it became serious. 

When the natural environment is unable to degrade an element without causing injury or damage to itself, pollution arises.

The components involved are not found in nature, and the process of destruction can take anything from a few days to thousands of years (that is, for instance, the case for radioactive pollutants).

To put it another way, pollution occurs when nature is unable to degrade an element that has been introduced to it in an unnatural manner.

Pollution must be treated seriously since it has a detrimental impact on natural elements such as water and air, which are essential for life to survive on Earth. 

Animals – including humans – and plants could not thrive without it, or if it was present in varying amounts. 

On Earth, we can distinguish between three forms of pollution: air pollution, water pollution, and soil contamination.

Causes of environmental pollution

There are numerous factors that contribute to environmental pollution. Some of the major contributors are:

  • Industries
  • Transportation
  • Agricultural Activities
  • Trading Activities
  • Residences

We shall discuss these in more detail below.


As previously said, industries have been contaminating our environment, particularly since the beginning of the industrial revolution, owing to the increased usage of fossil fuels. 

Coal was utilised to help machines work quicker in the 19th century and throughout most of the 20th century, substituting human labour.

Though industry pollution mostly causes air pollution, contamination of land and water can also occur. 

This is especially true for industries that generate electricity, such as power plants (May they be a dam, a nuclear reactor or some other type of plant).


The environment has been increasingly polluted since humanity abandoned animal power to travel. Until now, its levels have only been rising. 

Pollution generated by transportation, like pollution created by industry, is mostly due to fossil fuels.

Humans have come a long way from horse carriages to vehicles, trains (which were fueled by coal before electricity), and aircraft. As the amount of traffic on the road rises every day, pollution rises with it.

Agricultural Activities

Agriculture is mostly to blame for water and soil pollution. The growing use of pesticides, as well as the intense nature of its manufacturing, are to blame. Pesticides are almost often made of chemical components and are used to keep illnesses and dangerous animals away from crops. Keeping these types of life away, however, virtually invariably causes harm to the surrounding ecosystem.

Furthermore, as agriculture becomes more intense in order to feed the world’s growing population, more habitats and surroundings are destroyed to make room for the crops. 

Some of them, such as rapeseed, which is used to manufacture oil, require a lot of acreage for a modest yield.

Trading Activities

The production and exchange of commodities and services are examples of trading activity. When it comes to commodities, pollution is mostly generated by packing (which frequently entails the use of fossil-fuel-derived plastic) and transportation.


Finally, residential areas contribute to pollution in equal measure. To begin, the natural environment must be harmed in some way in order to construct dwellings.

Wildlife and vegetation are displaced, and human structures are built in their stead. Construction is a source of pollution to the environment because it necessitates the work of industries. 

Following that, when people move in, they will create trash on a daily basis, some of which will be unable to be digested by the environment without causing harm.

Effects of Environmental Pollution

Environmental pollution has negative effects on the following organisms:

  • Humans
  • Animals
  • Plants
  • Ecosystem

We shall discuss these in more detail below:


Environmental pollution has mostly physical effects on humans, but it can also lead to neuro-affections in the long run. 

Respiratory problems, such as allergies, asthma, eye and nasal irritation, and various types of respiratory infections, are the most well-known. 

These widespread affections can be seen, for example, when air pollution is prevalent in cities and the weather is hot.

Furthermore, environmental contamination has been shown to have a significant role in the development of cancer. 

This can happen when we ingest traces of contaminants used in the creation of processed foods or pesticides used on crops, for example. 

Hepatitis, typhoid affections, diarrhoea, and hormone abnormalities are some of the more uncommon disorders.


Animals are most affected by pollution because it harms their living environment, making it unhealthy for them to dwell in. 

Acid rain may alter the chemistry of rivers and oceans, rendering them poisonous to fish; an insufficient amount of ozone in the lower atmosphere can cause respiratory issues in all animals.

Nitrogen and phosphates in water enable poisonous algae to grow out of control, preventing other types of life from thriving.

Soil pollution will eventually injure and, in certain cases, destroy microorganisms, which can have the dramatic impact of eliminating the basic food chain’s early layers.


Acid rains may kill plants, especially trees (and this will also have a detrimental influence on animals because their natural environment will be altered), ozone in the lower atmosphere can hinder plant respiration, and dangerous chemicals can be absorbed from water or soil.


In short, environmental pollution, which is virtually entirely caused by human activity, has a detrimental impact on the ecosystem, damaging critical layers and exacerbating the problem in the top levels.


In this article, we covered the various solutions that help to reduce and prevent the rise of environmental pollution. Furthermore, we also discussed the major sources of environmental pollution, as well as its effects on humans, plants, animals, and the ecosystem.


How to reduce air pollution?

You can reduce air pollution in the following ways:

  • Taking public transportation, which uses less petrol and electricity, is a guaranteed method to contribute to reduced air pollution; even carpools help.
  • Because the energy used by lights contributes to air pollution, reducing power use can help conserve energy. To aid the environment, use energy-saving fluorescent lighting.
  • Plastic items may be hazardous to the environment since they take a long time to degrade owing to their oil-based composition. Instead, paper bags are a preferable option since they degrade quickly and are recyclable.
  • The collection of waste and setting it ablaze in dry seasons, or dry leaves catching flames, is a major source of air pollution; also, smoking contributes to air pollution and deterioration of air quality, as well as harming one’s health.

How to reduce water pollution?

  • Treatment of part of the water before it is restored into the waterways is likely the most efficient technique to prevent water pollution.
  • It’s critical to focus on water conservation wherever feasible if you want to do your part to keep water clean and pure while also protecting the environment.
  • When practicable, managing stormwater is another excellent approach for conserving the environment and decreasing water pollution.
  • Consider planting trees and other plants near bodies of water to encourage the use of green agriculture by preventing pesticides from being carried away when it rains. Pesticides containing hazardous compounds should also be avoided.


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