In this blog, the question, “is elaztech biodegradable?” shall be answered.
Other areas which shall also be covered include:
- Advancement of fishing technology.
- Advantages of elaztech as fishing bait.
- Discussion on TPE plastics.
- Comparison between rubber, plastics, and TPEs.
- The definition and discussion about phthalates
Is elaztech biodegradable?
Yes, elaztech is made up of materials that are natural and can easily be broken down by bacteria and fungi.
Elaztech is one of the latest developments in the field of fishing.
Due to health issues and the safety of aquatic life, a lot of advancement has been made to try and address the issue of water pollution by using materials and chemicals which are eco-friendly.
History of plastic worm fishing baits.
Worms were the most commonly used fishing baits for fishers.
Acquiring worms was a daunting task since it required digging up the worms.
In 1949, an angler by the name of Nick Creme decided to explore new alternatives since he was fed up with digging for worms.
Although he was not a scientist, he started experimenting using different materials on how to make fake worms that resembled real ones to fool fish.
A laboratory technician, who was a friend of Creme, gave him different materials, which he tried to burn into the shape of worms.
Eventually, he settled for plastics as the ideal material.
Over time, fellow fishermen embraced his plastic worms, and a company, Creme Lure; a fishing equipment company was founded.
Today, plastic fishing baits are the most used baits in bass fishing.
What are elastomers?
Elastomers are natural or semi-synthetic materials made of rubber or plastic polymers and can regain their form even after being stretched.
Any elastic material is rubbery.
Elastic rubbers can be either natural, from latex in trees or they can be synthetic.
Plastic on the other hand is a substance that is synthetic or semi-synthetic and can be molded into different shapes.
Plastics can either be thermoplastic or thermoset.
Thermoplastic plastics are those which are molded at certain temperatures and solidify on cooling.
Thermoset plastics are those soft plastics that have been hardened using pressure, heat, or chemicals and they can never regain their previous soft nature.
Characteristics of rubber and plastics.
Rubber can either be natural or synthetic.
Natural rubber has the following characteristics.
- It is resistant to abrasion.
- It is very flexible.
- It has high tensile strength.
- It is affected by heat.
- It is affected by oil and ozone gas.
Synthetic rubber has the following characteristics.
- It is flexible at low temperatures.
- It has better aging and heat resistance than natural rubber.
- It has better abrasion resistance than natural rubber.
- It is a flame retardant.
- It is resistant to oil and grease.
Plastics are different from rubbers in the sense they are synthetic or semi-synthetic.
As previously mentioned, they are divided into two categories.
- Thermoplastic elastomers.
- Thermosetting elastomers.
Thermoplastic elastomers are materials that have both the characteristics of rubber and plastic polymers.
They are made by mixing rubber and plastic by heating.
They can easily go back to their previous state by cooling.
These are elastomers that have interlinked polymers of plastics.
They are hardy and glassy and can not get back to their former shape once molded.
Advantages of thermoplastic and thermosetting elastomers.
The advantages of thermoplastic and thermosetting elastomers include the following:
- They are stable when exposed to heat.
- They use less energy to produce.
- They are easily colored with toys.
- They can be recycled as plastics or used for molding.
- They have good electrical insulation properties.
Disadvantages of thermoplastic and thermosetting elastomers.
The disadvantages of thermoplastic and thermosetting elastomers include the following:
- They melt at high temperatures.
- They cost more than rubbers.
- They have a low resistance to aromatic compounds.
Uses of thermoplastic and thermoset elastomers.
Thermoplastic and thermosetting elastomers have the following uses.
- They are used in fishing to make plastic baits and lures.
- They are used in snow machines where abrasion resistance is needed.
- They are used as roofing materials.
- They are used in the medical field to make catheters.
- They are used to make shoe soles.
What is Elaztech?
Elaztech is a thermoplastic, a non-PVC resin used to make fishing baits and lures.
It is used in making artificial worms which are used to fool fishes.
It is one of the most eco-friendly materials used in the fishing industry to make synthetic worms.
Elaztech was brought about to address the issue of using non-biodegradable, unhealthy plastics and chemicals.
Components of Elaztech?
Elaztech is made up of naturally occurring, organic resins which are non-toxic, non-reactive, and food grade.
Advantages of Elaztech.
The advantages of using elaztech include the following:
- It is soft, hence easy to mold it into desired shale gas.
- It is highly elastic and can stretch to about 12 times its length.
- It is very buoyant and moves in water easily.
- It is durable; it does not spoil because of fish bites.
- It is eco-friendly.
- It is non-toxic to the user.
- It does not contain polyvinyl chloride polymer.
- It does not contain plastisol or phthalates which are harmful to the user’s health.
Disadvantages of Elaztech.
The disadvantages of elaztech include the following:
- It takes a lot of time to make.
- It is very expensive as compared to other materials.
What is polyvinyl chloride polymer (PVC)?
Polyvinyl chloride is a synthetic plastic polymer.
It is one of the most produced and used polymers in the world alongside polyethylene( polythene).
Polyvinyl chloride occurs in two forms.
- Rigid PVC.
- Soft or flexible PVC.
This is the hard form of polyvinyl chloride polymer.
It is used to make plastic appliances such as plastic bottles, cups, plates, pipes, doors, and windows.
This is the soft form of polyvinyl chloride.
It is acquired from rigid PVC by softening it using chemicals such as phthalates.
It is used to make insulators, signage, flooring, and making leather
PVC has been used to replace natural rubber.
PVC has a wide variety of uses, but the main challenge is that it is non-biodegradable and hence it pollutes the water bodies and soil.
When burnt, it produces fumes that are toxic to plants and animals.
What are Phthalates?
Phthalates are chemicals used to make hard plastic softer, flexible, transparent, and more durable.
They are also called plasticizers.
They can be found in different forms which include:
Their main advantages are that they soften hard plastic and increase its uses also to make it more durable.
Phthalates usage has come under considerable scrutiny lately.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has warned against the use of phthalates.
In some countries, the use of phthalates has been banned.
Disadvantages of phthalates.
The disadvantages of using phthalates include the following:
- They cause liver damage.
- They cause kidney damage.
- They cause lung damage.
- They affect the reproductive system.
As earlier mentioned, elaztech is a type of thermoplastic material that has come to replace PVC-based fishing baits.
The reason why thermoplastic elastomers are preferred in some cases is that:
- Thermoplastic elastomers are more flexible than polyvinyl chloride.
- Thermoplastic elastomers are more resistant to adverse weather than polyvinyl chloride.
- Thermoplastic elastomers are more resistant to abrasion than polyvinyl chloride.
What is eco-friendliness?
Eco-friendliness is the state of something being nontoxic to the environment.
As stated earlier, polyvinyl chloride and Elaztech, which is a type of thermoplastic elastomer, are the main materials used to make fishing baits.
The consideration is made based on their eco-friendliness.
According to a study, Elaztech is made from natural organic matter which makes it susceptible to microbial biodegradation.
This makes Elaztech eco-friendly and its use has been on the rise.
Polyvinyl chloride is made of plastic polymers.
The materials are non-biodegradable and as such, polyvinyl chloride is not eco-friendly.
Polyvinyl chloride is also toxic to the user since it contains such chemicals as phthalates which are toxic to animals and plants.
The shortcomings of polyvinyl chloride are the ones that led to the introduction of Elaztech as a material for making fishing baits
This blog has answered the question on the biodegradability of Elaztech and also covered other areas such as the history of plastic baits, the comparison between plastics and rubber, the advantages of Elaztech, and the comparisons between Elaztech and PVC.
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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs): Is Elaztech biodegradable?
Is Elaztech biodegradable?
Yes, Elaztech is biodegradable because it is made from natural material and therefore, it can be acted upon by bacteria and fungi.
Are soft plastics biodegradable?
No, soft plastics are made up of polymers that can’t be broken down by bacteria or fungi, and as such, they are non-biodegradable.
Are Gulp baits biodegradable?
Yes, gulp baits are highly biodegradable since they are made from natural materials.
Kayak Angler Staff. Are Biodegradable Lure The Future Of Fishing?: Eco-Friendly alternatives make gains.
Allsopp, M. W.; Vianello, G. (2012). “Poly(Vinyl Chloride)”. Ullmann’s Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. Weinheim: Wiley-VCH. doi:10.1002/14356007.a21_717.
Samuel Chern-Shinn Liu (November 2, 2019). Elaztech: Article on WayFaring.