How to dispose of particle boards?

In this article, we discuss the various ways one can use in order to dispose of particle boards.

How to dispose of particle boards?

You can dispose of particle boards in the following ways:

  • Repurpose as furniture around the house
  • Chop it to pieces to use a firewood
  • Dispose of as furniture
  • Donate or sell it to someone to use

What are particle board?

Particle board, sometimes called chipboard or low-density fiberboard, is a pressed and extruded engineered wood product made from wood chips or jute stick chips and a synthetic resin or other appropriate binder. 

Oriented strand board (OSB) (also known as flakeboard, waferboard, or chipboard) is a distinct form of fiberboard that employs machined wood flakes and provides more strength than particle board.

Particle board is a cheaper, denser, and more homogeneous alternative to traditional wood and plywood when cost takes precedence over strength and aesthetics. 

Painting or applying wood veneers to exposed areas can improve the appearance of particleboard. Except for the insulation board, it is the lightest and weakest form of fiberboard, while being denser than traditional wood. 

Particle board is weaker and denser than medium-density fiber board and hardboard, also known as high-density fiberboard.

Particleboard comes in a variety of densities, with higher densities indicating greater strength and resistance to screw fastener failure.

Particleboard’s sensitivity to expansion and discoloration from moisture absorption is a severe drawback, especially when it is not coated with paint or another sealant. 

As a result, except in bathrooms, kitchens, and laundries, where it is typically used as an underlayment sheltered behind a moisture resistant continuous layer of vinyl flooring, it is rarely utilised outdoors or in regions with significant quantities of moisture.

Is Particle board a good material for furniture?

The cheap cost of particle board is accomplished by utilising all timber waste products. Wood chips, shavings, sawdust, and other mill residual items fall under this category. 

These are bonded together and pushed into boards or sheets with a hard press.

When compared to plywood or medium density fibre boards, particle board has the benefit of being a more cost-effective solution. 

Particle boards are easy to transport and handle due to their small weight. MDF is more costly than particle board (Medium Density Fiberboard). 

The screw holding capability of the particle board is higher. As a result, it is a better choice for screw-assembly furniture.

Particle boards also provide thermal and acoustic insulation. This is not as crucial for furniture as it is for speakers and fake ceilings in auditoriums and theatres, for example.

Decorative plastic laminates or wood veneers are used on laminated particle boards. These are more durable, smoother, and more attractive than unpolished fibre boards. 

They also require little upkeep and are simple to clean. As a result, in the creation of low-cost mass-produced furniture, laminated and veneered particle boards are frequently used.

When compared to other engineered woods including plywood, particle board has a number of drawbacks.

It has poor strength compared to other fiberboards, and because of its low density, it is readily damaged while shipment. Because of its limited strength, particle board is unable to withstand big weights.

Particle board can expand and distort when exposed to dampness. Discoloration can also occur under severe settings.

Particle boards have a shorter lifetime and less durability than medium density fiberboard and plywood.

Particle boards have the potential to be hazardous. The urea formaldehyde resin used in the production process might emit formaldehyde gas.

Particle board furniture can be half the price of plywood furniture of comparable proportions. Plywood and solid woods are both more long-lasting than particleboard (and most other engineered woods.)

Machines are used to cut particle boards to the desired dimensions. Standard furniture may be mass-produced in a cost-effective manner.

Because there is no carpenter work required, the prices are significantly reduced.

The surface of particle boards used for furniture is frequently covered with a thin coating of plastic or wood veneer. Pre-laminated boards are what they are called.

Lamination improves the board’s appearance while also boosting its strength marginally.

Particle boards are extremely light. These planks make furniture that is reasonably easy to transport and relocate. While this may be appealing to some, it also indicates that the board is not as durable as other wood products.

When it comes to choosing woods, a common rule of thumb is that the denser the wood, the stronger it is. Denser typically translates to more weight.

Particle board furniture is prone to deterioration due to moisture and humidity, in addition to its poor strength. Particle board furniture typically lasts 2–3 years, with the potential to last up to 5 years if not regularly utilised.

How to recycle particle board

If you wish to recycle particle boards, it is a relatively simple and straightforward process. Just follow the steps mentioned below.

  • Look for particle board of decent quality. Frayed or water-damaged boards should be avoided.

    Home construction, building supply resale stores, junkyards, and even dumpsters are all good places to look for particle boards.
  • Make a decision on how you will utilise the board. For an art project, a frayed or rough board may be suitable, but a building job will require a solid, undamaged board.

    Extremely damaged boards can be delivered to a recycling centre and recycled into other materials like paper.
  • As needed, clean and ready your board. Sweeping or brushing off dust or dirt, sanding, or painting are examples of this.
  • Create your creation by utilising the particle board’s distinct characteristics, such as its appearance, texture, and strength.

    Particle board has lately become a highly popular material, especially in “green” houses and businesses, where it is utilised for a number of purposes.

    It may be used as a low-cost alternative to wood flooring (albeit raw wood will require sanding and sealing), counter tops, and walls.

    Particle boards may also be used to make furniture like tables, shelves, and chairs, as well as a free or low-cost canvas alternative for painters.

How to dispose of particle boards?

You can dispose of particle boards in the following ways:

  • Repurpose as furniture around the house
  • Chop it to pieces to use a firewood
  • Dispose of as furniture
  • Donate or sell it to someone to use

We shall discuss these methods in more detail below.

Repurpose as furniture around the house

If you have a good hand at woodworking, and find yourself with a significant amount of particle board, you can repurpose it into furniture such as tables, shelves, drawers, chairs, and so on.

Particle board is also easy to work with, and although it is not as durable as wood, it is an adequate raw material to build sturdy furniture with.

Chop it to pieces to use a firewood

If you have remnants of particle board from a previous project, or just a surplus of particle board that have no use in or around the house, simply use them the next time to have a barbeque or a bonfire night.

However, make sure you do not add a lot of particle board in one go, and burn it in a well-ventilated area. This is because particle board on burning emits VOCs (volatile organic compounds), which can have some side effects on inhalation.

Dispose of as furniture

You can dispose of particle board the same way you would dispose of furniture and mattresses. Most of the municipalities allow you to leave it on the curb side.

However, if the volume is considerable, it would be ideal to check up in advance whether or not there’s a different protocol for such instances.

You can also contact agencies that specialise in hauling off larger items for disposal. However, they may charge you a fee depending upon the size of the items to be discarded, and distance fare, along with others.

Donate or sell it to someone to use

You can rely on online marketplaces such as eBay, Facebook, or Craigslist to dispose of your particle board, and make some additional money out of it.

However, you would need to make sure that the particle boards are in ideal condition so that it would be easier to sell them off. 

Amongst the other options, Facebook marketplace is the best option, as it helps you to connect with people that are nearby, therefore helping you to save on transportation expenses as well.

Other than these, you can also donate your particle board to animal shelters, orphanages, and other charitable trusts and places that could use particle board for various uses in their operations.


In this article, we have discussed the various ways that particle boards can be disposed of. Furthermore, we have also discussed how particle boards can be recycled, and how it compares to wood as a raw material for making furniture.


What are the Disadvantages of particle board?

The disadvantages of particle board are:

  • When compared to plywood, particle board is not as sturdy or long-lasting.
  • Particle boards are prone to damage due to their softer and more fragile nature.
  • When exposed to moisture, particle boards lose much of their strength and swell.
  • Particle boards have the potential to be hazardous. Urea formaldehyde resin is used in the production process, which can emit formaldehyde gas.

What are the advantages of particle board?

Particle board offers a variety of advantages, some of which include:

  • Particleboard often has a smoother surface than plywood.
  • Particle boards are made from remnants of other timber products, making them environmentally friendly. 
  • They are also very light. These planks make furniture that is pretty easy to transport and move around.
  • Particle board is significantly less expensive than plywood.

Does IKEA use particle boards?

Yes, IKEA uses particle boards. Particleboard with a smooth, white surface makes up a large portion of IKEA furniture. This heavily compressed wood is less dense than solid wood, resulting in a lighter-weight piece of furniture.

Extruded particle boards and platen pressed particle boards are the two types of particle boards available.

Is fiberboard the same as particle board?

Particleboard is a form of fiberboard, however unlike medium-density fiberboard and hardboard, it is made out of larger fragments of wood. 

Particleboard is a cheaper, denser, and more homogeneous alternative to traditional wood and plywood when look and durability are less essential than cost.


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